Rani Lakshmibai

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The current Jhansi district of Uttar Pradesh was under Maratha rule when Rani Lakshmibai was crowned queen of the princely state of Jhansi. She is regarded as one of the most notable rebels from the Indian Rebellion of 1857 and a symbol of resistance to the British Raj.

How Much is Rani Lakshmibai current Net Worth?

Rani Lakshmibai currently has a net worth of $1 million.

Rani Lakshmibai-Bio, Age, Birthday & Education

Rani Lakshmibai Birthday

On November 19, 1828, in the Kingdom of Kashi-Benaras, in Benaras (today’s Varanasi, Uttar Pradesh), Rani Lakshmibai was born as “Manikarnika Tambe.” Scorpio is her horoscope sign.

A Statue of Rani Lakshmibai
A Statue of Rani Lakshmibai (Source: Social Media)

She received her education at home and acquired literacy skills. In contrast to other girls in the community, she was given more freedom as a child, and she and her childhood friends, Nana Sahib and Tantia Tope, learned various forms of combat, including riding horses, fencing, shooting, and mallakhamba. Rani became an independent and brave young woman as a result of her father’s encouragement and motivation to learn these strategies.

Family, Caste & Husband

Born into a Marathi Karhade Brahmin family, Rani Lakshmibai. At the court of Peshwa Baji Rao II of the Bithoor District, her father, Moropant Tambe, served as a representative. Laxmi’s mother, Bhagirathi Sapre, passed away when she was four years old. Rani married Gangadhar Rao Newalkar, the Maharaja of Jhansi, on May 19, 1842, when she was just 14 years old.

Raja Gangadhar Rao
Raja Gangadhar Rao (Source: Social Media)

Before giving birth to the heir to the kingdom, Gangadhar’s first wife had passed away. Damodar Rao was the name of the son Rani Lakshmibai and Raja Gangadhar were blessed with in 1851. After 4 months, the child passed away from a chronic illness. A day before Gangadhar’s passing in November 1853, the couple adopted Anand Rao, the son of Raja’s cousin, in the presence of a British Political Officer. The youngster’s name was Damodar Rao.

The Doctrine of Lapse and Jhansi

Damodar Rao, their adopted child, was set to succeed Raja Gangadhar Rao as his legal heir following his passing, and Rani Lakshmibai would hold the position of Viceroy of Jhansi in perpetuity. But in 1859, Lord Dalhousie, who served as India’s governor general from 1848 to 1856, put into effect the Doctrine of Lapse, which formally rejected the Damodar’s claim to the throne.

This Doctrine stated that if a princely state’s ruler had passed away and there was no legitimate male heir to succeed him, the British East India Company could annex the state. When Rani Lakshmibai learned of this, she resisted giving the British control of Jhansi.

Rani attempted to stop the annexation of Jhansi by submitting a petition in London with the aid of an Australian lawyer named John Lang, but her request was denied. It was reportedly one of the causes of the 1857 Indian Rebellion. The East India Company served as both the judge and the defendant during the Doctrine of Lapse because there was no appropriate court of law. Lakshmibai received a pension of Rs. 60,000 and was instructed to leave the Jhansi fort after Rani’s appeals against the Doctrine of Lapse were repeatedly rejected in 1854. Lakshmibai persisted in defending the Jhansi throne, though. She reportedly initially threatened to leave Jhansi and rejected the pension. She cried in numerous fictional accounts.

I shall not surrender my Jhansi” (Main apni Jhansi nahi doongi)

These are the phrases that have been used throughout history in ballads, songs, and poems.

The Revolt of 1857

The Sepoy Mutiny, a manifestation of the Indian Rebellion against the oppressive British rule in Meerut, began on May 10, 1857. Gradually, unrest spread throughout different Indian regions, culminating in the First War of Indian Independence. Lakshmibai asked Captain Alexander Skene for permission to raise an army when word of the Rebellion reached Jhansi, and Skene granted it. The city was experiencing widespread unrest, so Rani held a Haldi-Kumkum ceremony with all the Jhansi women to reassure her subjects. 40 to 60 European officers of the garrison, along with their wives and children, were massacred by rebels of the 12th Bengal Native Infantry in June 1857 after they took control of the Star Fort of Jhansi. Whether or not Rani participated in the massacre is still up for debate. Following the start of the rebellion, Thomas Lowe, an army physician, described Rani as

Jezebel of India … the young rani upon whose head rested the blood of the slain”

After that, she sent a letter to Major Erskine, the commissioner of the Saugor division, outlining the events, lamenting the massacre, and pleading for assistance. In response, Erskine asked the monarch to oversee the “District for the British Government” until a British Superintendent showed up. The mutineers’ attempt to claim the throne of Sadashiv Rao, a rival prince and the nephew of Maharaja Gangadhar Rao, was crushed by Rani’s forces in the meantime. Sadashiv Rao was later captured and imprisoned. Then, she defended Jhansi from invasion by the nearby armies of Orchha and Datia, whose goal it was to divide Jhansi between them. She strengthened Jhasi’s fortifications by gathering a “volunteer army” of 14000 rebellions, which included many valiant warriors like Tantia Tope, Nana Rao Peshwa, Gulam Gaus Khan, Dost Khan, Khuda Baksh, Deewan Raghunath Singh, Deewan Jawahar Singh, as well as female warriors like Jalkari bai, Sundar-Mundar, and Women who received military training were better equipped to combat the British troops.

The palace was heavily guarded when General Hugh Rose, a Commander of the British forces, arrived in 1858. Rose commanded the city’s surrender and warned the queen that the city would be destroyed if she did not comply. Rani responded to Rose by saying,

We fight for independence. In the words of Lord Krishna, we will if we are victorious, enjoy the fruits of victory, if defeated and killed on the field of battle, we shall surely earn eternal glory and salvation.”

The British Army was able to capture the fort of Jhansi with four columns after the bombardment started on March 24 by attacking the defenses at various points and killing anyone attempting to scale the walls. However, Rani resisted giving up and fought the British for more than ten days.

The British troops also routed a Tantia Tope-led army that had attempted to relieve Jhansi. The British forces were too strong for Lakshmibai’s army to hold off, and after a few days the British breached the city walls and took control of the city.

However, Lakshmibai was able to escape the fort by leaping from a palace wall on her horse Badal while still carrying her son (Damodar) tied to her back, with the assistance of a small group of palace guards. The horse passed away, but Rani and her son were unharmed. According to legend, the British executed Moropant Tambe, Rani’s father, following the fall of Jhansi.

Rani and her son Damodar Rao left for Kalpi with their small force and joined other rebel forces, such as Tantia Tope, who were also engaged in combat with the British. Lakshmibai lost to the overwhelming British troops while defending Kalpi with her forces. Without any other options, Rani moved to Gwalior and joined other Indian forces, along with Tantia Tope, the Nawab of Banda, and Rao Sahib. They arrived in Gwalior with the goal of occupying the vital Gwalior Fort. Without resistance, the rebel forces took control of the city. With Rao Sahib serving as his governor (subedar) in Gwalior, the rebels proclaimed Nana Sahib to be the Peshwa of a revived Maratha dominion. On June 16, General Rose’s forces captured Morar before successfully attacking the city of Gwalior.

Death

Lakshmibai was positioned on the eastern flank, one of the most difficult battlegrounds at the time, while fighting the British in Gwalior City. Rani advanced into the battle in Gwalior on June 18, 1858. Rani died from her wounds while engaged in combat with the 8th (King’s Royal Irish) Hussar in Kotah-ki-Serai. Till her last breath, she fought with unwavering patriotism and won martyrdom.

Rani asked a hermit to burn her body because she didn’t want the British soldiers to find it and take it. A few residents cremated her body after she passed away. The British eventually took Gwalior after three days. Her tomb is in the Phool Bagh neighborhood of Gwalior and is now one of the most well-known tourist destinations in the city; it is called the “Samadhi Sthal of Rani Lakshmibai.”

Facts/Trivia

  • Before breakfast, Rani used to practice weightlifting, steeplechasing, and wrestling, according to an Indian author named Vishnubhat Godse. She ruled in a professional manner and was a smart, well-dressed woman.
  • Her dad referred to her as “Manu.” She had a close relationship with Peshwa Baji Rao II of the Bithoor district, who affectionately referred to her as “Chhabili.”
  • In his autobiography, Damodar Rao claims that he participated in the Battle of Gwalior alongside his mother’s household and troops. Damodar relocated to Rao Sahib of Bithur’s camp and was living there with Jhansi refugees in the city of Jhalrapatan. Later, he turned himself in to a British representative. He was under Munshi Dharmanarayan’s guardianship and entitled to a pension of Rs. 10,000 per month. At the age of 56, he passed away on May 28th, 1906.
  • The Rani Mahal, the palace of Rani Laxmibai, has been transformed into a museum that displays a collection of artifacts from the 9th to the 12th century AD.
  • The first female unit of the army was given the name Rani Lakshmibai when Subhash Chandra Bose founded the Indian National Army because she was regarded as the model of Indian women’s bravery.
  • A letter from Rani Lakshmibai, written in the Persian language and citing Lord Dalhousie’s hypocritical tactics for annexing the kingdom of Jhansi, was discovered in the British Library in England in 2009.
    General Huge Rose had made the following comment in the British report of the battle in 1957:

Rani Lakshmibai is personable, clever and beautiful and she is the most dangerous of all Indian leaders. With great ceremony under a tamarind tree under the Rock of Gwalior, where I saw her bones and ashes.”

  • The poem “Jhansi ki Rani,” written by Indian poetess Subhadra Kumari Chauhan, is regarded as her most well-known work of literature. The poem is still read aloud in Indian schools by students.
  • On the occasion of the 150th anniversary of the First Freedom movement, prominent Indian singer Shubha Mudgal performed Khoob Ladi Mardani in the Indian Parliament.
  • A number of motion pictures and television programs have been produced that are based on Rani Lakshmibai and her bravery, including Jhansi Ki Rani Laxmibai (2012), Jhansi Ki Rani (1953), and the 2019 movie “Manikarnika,” which stars Kangana Ranaut in the role of Rani Lakshmibai.

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